An Oracle blog – Amardeep Sidhu

May 25, 2011

dbc_min_pct and dbc_max_pct in HP-UX

Filed under: Oracle Tuning,Troubleshooting — Sidhu @ 4:45 pm
Tags: , ,

It was a 10g (10.2.0.5 on HP-UX 11.23 RISC) database which was recently upgraded from 9.2.0.8. The CPU and memory utilization was going really high. After tuning few of the queries coming in top, CPU usage was coming within accetable limits but the memory usage was still high. There was a total of 16 GB of RAM on the server and the usage was above 90%, constantly. One of the reasons behind high usage was increase in the SGA size. It was increased from 2.5 GB (in 9i) to around 5 GB (in 10g). Another major chunk was being eaten by OS buffer cache. While looking at the memory usage with kmeminfo:

Buffer cache        =  1048448    4.0g  25%  details with -bufcache

In HP-UX, The memory allocated to (dynamic) buffer cache is controlled by two parameters dbc_min_pct and dbc_max_pct. It can vary between dbc_min_pct and dbc_max_pct percent of the total RAM. They default to 5 and 50 respectively. For a system that is running an Oracle database value of 50 for dbc_max_pct is way too high. That means half of the memory is going to be allocated to OS buffer cache. As Oracle has got its own buffer cache so the OS cache is not of much use. As mentioned in the metalink note 726652.1, the value of dbc_max_pct can be safely lowered without impacting the Oracle database performance. In many of the threads (on HP website) people have suggested the value of 10 for db_max_pct. Not sure if it is more like a thumb rule but in the same metalink note (726652.1) it is mentioned that if %rcache in sar -b is above 90, that means your OS buffer cache is adequately sized.

After setting the value of dbc_max_pct to 15 (It will be changed to 10, finally), around 1.6 GB more memory was freed. Also there was no impact on the database or OS performance. Here are few of the metalink notes and threads on HP-UX website that talk about these parameters in detail:

Oracle Shadow Processes Are Taking Too Much Memory (Doc ID 434535.1)

How OS Buffer Cache Size Affects Db Performance (Doc ID 726652.1)

Commonly Misconfigured HP-UX Kernel Parameters (Doc ID 68105.1)

http://forums11.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/questionanswer.do?admit=109447626+1306231311459+28353475&threadId=1266914

http://forums11.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/questionanswer.do?threadId=727618

http://forums11.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/questionanswer.do?threadId=467288

http://forums11.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/questionanswer.do?threadId=750342

 

May 18, 2011

ORA-12547: TNS:lost contact

Filed under: Troubleshooting — Sidhu @ 11:13 am
Tags: ,

Very simple issue but took some amount of time in troubleshooting so thought about posting it here. May be it proves to be useful for someone.

Scenario was: Oracle is installed from “oracle” user and all runs well. There is a new OS user “test1” that also needs to use sqlplus. So granted the necessary permissions on ORACLE_HOME to test1. Tried to connect sqlplus scott/[email protected] and yes it works. But while trying sqlplus scott/tiger it throws:

$ sqlplus scott/tiger

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Wed May 18 09:32:35 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.

ERROR:
ORA-12547: TNS:lost contact


Enter user-name: ^C
$

Did a lot of troubleshooting including checking tnsnames.ora, sqlnet.ora, listener.ora and so on. Nothing was hitting my mind so finally raised an SR. And it has to do with the permissions of the $ORACLE_HOME/bin/oracle binary. The permissions of oracle executable should be rwsr-s–x or 6751 but they were not. See below:

$ id
uid=241(test1) gid=202(users) groups=1(staff),13(dba)
$

$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin
$ ls -ltr oracle
-rwxr-xr-x    1 oracle   dba       136803483 Mar 16 20:32 oracle
$

$ chmod 6751 oracle
$ ls -ltr oracle
-rwsr-s--x    1 oracle   dba       136803483 Mar 16 20:32 oracle
$

$ sqlplus scott/tiger

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Wed May 18 10:23:27 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> show user
USER is "SCOTT"
SQL>

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